5 Primary Responsibilities of a Security Guard

If you’re looking to hire a security guard, it’s in your best interest to know exactly what to expect—especially if you’ve never hired a security guard before.

Security guards are different from police officers. And they’re certainly different from the common hourly-wage employee.

Some security guards are highly specialized, while some are mostly on-site to act as a baseline deterrent and safety presence.

But in all cases, there are some commonalities that are important to understand.

In other words, there are some jobs that all security guards should know how to do.

And finding a quality company to supply security might be your best bet at finding quality personnel to fill this role.

So let’s break it down and talk about the primary responsibilities that you should expect any security guard to understand and take seriously.

Here’s a quick-glance look at the primary duties that any security guard should understand are crucial parts of the job.

1. Secure The Premises

One of a security guard’s primary objectives is to secure the premises where they’re stationed.

This could mean protecting a business, a private residence, a warehouse, an apartment complex, a gated community, a school, etc.

The predominant reasoning behind hiring a security guard is to ensure that the area remains secure and free of criminal activity.

Having a security guard on-site provides a presence and a pair of eyes on-location, to act as a deterrent and to take action if suspicious activity ensues.

2. Protect Personnel

The protection of customers, guests, residents, employees, students, etc. is another primary responsibility of any security guard.

In every setting, there are two types of people.

  • People who are present at that particular location for a legitimate purpose
  • People who are at that particular location for nefarious, criminal, or unscrupulous reasons

A security guard has the responsibility to identify potential dangers, and to take whatever action is deemed necessary (and in accordance with their job description) to mitigate that danger for any on-site personnel.

3. Patrol The Property

As an extension of securing the location, security guards are also usually tasked with patrolling the property to some extent.

This could mean patrolling the perimeter to observe and to act as a deterrent to potential criminals. This could also mean moving from location to location on the premises to ensure that all on-site assets are safe.

For example:

A security guard at a golf course may utilize a golf cart to patrol the perimeter of the grounds a certain number of times per-day to make sure that people aren’t sneaking in, etc.

4. Monitor Company Assets

Every location is going to have valuable assets to protect.

This could mean valuables, money, property, equipment, sensitive records, etc.

As part of securing the premises, every security guard job description will also likely provide a list of sensitive and valuable assets that must be secured and protected.

Security guards may even be provided with a checklist of assets and a ‘rotation’ of times by which they’re instructed to perform inspections on said assets at specific times.

For example:

A security guard at a high-end hotel may be instructed to visit the swimming pool after-hours at specific times during their shift to make sure that nobody is using it after it closes. The guard might also need to patrol the parking lot as a measure to safeguard customer vehicles (a customer asset), etc.

5. Perform Routine Inspections

Another part of the job responsibility of securing any premises is to perform routine inspections of not only the premises itself, but also any valuable assets located on-site.

An inspection is best defined as a careful examination of an object, asset, or location.

As a general feature of any security guard job, security guards will have a responsibility to perform inspections to make sure that:

  • The premises is intact and secure
  • That personnel aren’t in danger
  • That any on-site assets are secure
  • And that safety rules and regulations are being followed to the letter

Inspections can vary widely from site to site. They also vary by industry.

Therefore, it’s usually in a company’s best interest to provide a thorough training program for any new security guards, and to write up a security protocol to make sure that every security guard thoroughly understands not only what inspections are required, but also how often they’re required and how to perform those inspections.


There you have it.

5 primary responsibilities of a security guard.

If you’re thinking of hiring security for your location, business, etc. Just remember that it sometimes pays to hire a professional service to supply you with security guards.

At a certain level, security definitely qualifies as a trade. You wouldn’t just hire anyone off the street to do electrical engineering for your company, and the same standard applies to securing your location, along with the personnel and the assets contained within.

At the end of the day, finding qualified security is going to be instrumental in preventing losses due to accidents and/or unscrupulous criminal activity.

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